The survivors of RMS Titanic tragedy are just as diverse in terms of social and economic status as the ship carried on that fateful day. It is remembered that Titanic accommodated people from different social and economic classes. There were nannies, maids, valets, engineers, wealthy businesses, kitchen attendants, and industrialists all aboard the Titanic. The Titanic first class was composed of the high-end individual such as businessmen, manufacturers of the Titanic, industrialists and other rich personalities.
Titanic began its maiden voyage from Southampton on the 10th April 1912 headed for New York. It stopped over two locations before it met its dreadful tragedy, which saw the loss of more than 1522 passengers with only 705 people surviving. Most of the first class passengers were highly reputable and well known personas in their countries of origin. These passengers managed to pay tickets worth of $4,350 each, which by 2008 was equivalent of $95,860.
The list of first class passengers can be found in various resources. The first-class passengers totaled to about 330 in number and of these only about 200 survived. One of the survivors of Titanic tragedy was Charles Joughin and his story comes with a lot of expectations by readers. This man somewhat drank throughout his journey with Titanic, but lived to tell the tale. Joughin was a chef and took a lot of whisky during the trip and this attributed to his survival on the icy waters.
The whisky could have warmed the inside of his body preventing tissues from getting frozen. He is said to have been rescued after about 3 hours on the cold waters. Most of the passengers who lost their life were as a result of hypothermia, which was caused by freezing waters of the Atlantic Ocean. At the time of sinking of the Titanic, temperatures of the waters were at a record low of 28 degrees Fahrenheit, which is equivalent of about -2 degrees Celsius.
Most of the male passengers in the second class perished with records showing that about 92% of all men in the second class perished. It is also cited that more Britons than Americans died and this could have been so because the Britons were cool and rather queued and waited than forcing their elbows to the gain entry to the lifeboats. In this final moment, it is recalled by Titanic survivors that Captain Edward shouted “Be British, boys, be British…!” and this was at the time when the liner went down with its nose to the sea.
In addition, it is also said from the survivors that by the time Titanic went down, the band was still playing. Another survivor of the Titanic is Elizabeth Gladys Dean who is also known as Millvina. She was just about 9 weeks when the ship sank. She was rescued together with her mother, and brother. In this journey, Mallvina’s father was ambitious and wanted to open a tobacconist shop in Kansas. The family was immigrating to Kansas.
Violet Jessop is another survivor of the Titanic and she was an ocean liner stewardess and also a nurse. She also survived the Britannic 1916 liner incidents, which was a sister ship to Olympia Titanic. In yet another dramatic ships accident involving RMS Olympia and HMS Hawke, she was onboard the Olympia liner and survived the collision. In essence, there were many survivors who have lived to the late 21th century and all have just had a story to tell.
On the fateful night of April 14, 1912, at around 11:40 pm, the Titanic was sailing about 400 miles or 640 kilometers south of the Grand Banks of Newfoundland, when the ship struck an iceberg and waters started to flood in furiously. Just before the clock hit 12:00 AM, , Captain Edward Smith ordered the ship’s lifeboats to be prepared and a distress call was relayed.
The closest ship to respond was Cunard Line’s Carpathia 58 miles (93 km) away, which would arrive at an approximate four hours—too late to rescue all of Titanic’s passengers. Since, there was no point waiting for the ship, Captain Smith finally ordered the lifeboats to be loaded and lowered with women and children to be lowered first. The first lifeboat was Lifeboat 7 on the starboard side with 28 people on board, the last one came at 2:05. called Collapsible Boat D.
By 4.10 am came the the RMS Carpathia arrived at the site of the disaster and began to rescue survivors. By 8.30, the ship picked up the last lifeboat with surviors and steered away at 08:50 am en route to Pier 54 in New York City. Among the 711 passengers and crew rescued by Carpathia, six passengers inluding a first-class passengers named William F. Hoyt, either died in a lifeboat, though it is not clear whether they died in the night or in the next morning. Nevertheless, they were buried at sea.
For the next few days, many ships came to the diaster areas to recover bodies of victims, one fo the being the cable ship Mackay-Bennett from Halifax, Nova Scotia. It was a ship chartered by the White Star Line. Three other ships followed Mackay-Bennett in the search – the lighthouse supply ship Montmagny, the cable ship Minia and the sealing vessel Algerine.
The embalming supplies aboard the ships were not enough for so many bodies and Captain Larnder of the Mackay-Bennett and the undertakers felt that it was better to preserve the bodies of first class passengers because theywere need to be visually idenitified to resolve any large property disputes. As a result, third class passengers and crew were buried at sea. But with increasing protests from families, the burials at sea were only confined to bodies that were too damaged to preserve.
Here is the lst of Titanic survivors who died in chronological order
Miss Maria Nackid – third class passenger, died of of meningitis on July 30, 1912 (aged 2
Miss Eugenie Baclini – third class passenger died of of meningitis on August 12, 1912 (aged 4)
Col. Archibald Gracie IV – first class passenger died of a diabetic coma on December 4, 1912 (aged 53)
Mrs. Marie Eugenie Spencer – first class passenger, October 1913 (aged 56)
Mr. Maximilian Frölicher – first class passenger, November 22, 1913 (aged 62)
Miss Kornelia L. Andrews – first class passenger, December 4, 1913 died of pneumonia (aged 64)
Millvina Dean was the last survivor on Titanic who died in 2009. Though she was a few weeks old when the disaster happened, she went on to live long life. Millvina Dean was born on February 2, 1912 and died on May 31, 2009 having lived for 97 years and 118 days
Here is the list of the last few surviors of Titanic.
Anna “Annie” McGowan (July 5, 1897 – January 30, 1990, 92 years and 209 days)
Ruth Elizabeth Blanchard (née Becker) (October 28, 1899 – July 6, 1990, 90 years and 251 days)
Bertram Dean (May 21, 1910 – April 14, 1992, 81 years and 329 days)
Louise Gretchen Pope (née Kink) (April 8, 1908 – August 25, 1992, 84 years and 139 days)
Beatrice Irene Sandström (August 9, 1910 – September 3, 1995, 85 years and 25 days)
Eva Miriam Hart (January 31, 1905 – February 14, 1996, 91 years and 14 days)
Edith Eileen Haisman (née Brown) (October 27, 1896 – January 20, 1997, 100 years and 85 days)
Louise Laroche (July 2, 1910 – January 28, 1998, 87 years and 210 days)
Eleanor Ileen Shuman (née Johnson) (August 23, 1910 – March 9, 1998, 87 years and 259 days)
Michel Marcel Navratil (June 12, 1908 – January 30, 2001, 96 years and 232 days)
Winnifred Vera van Tongerloo (née Quick) (January 23, 1904 – July 6, 2002, 98 years and 164 days)
Lillian Gertrud Asplund (October 21, 1906 – May 6, 2006, 99 years and 197 days)
Barbara Joyce Dainton (née West) (May 24, 1911 – October 16, 2007, 96 years and 145 days)